It has been found that billions of people face temporary water shortages every year. This figure is dismal to say the least.
Some 4 billion people don’t have access to safe drinking water for at least one month of the entire year. And the situation is only going to get worse with the passage of time.
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In the past, nations went to war over oil. In the future, they will fight over access to water. Half of these poor people who cannot even afford clean drinkable water live in India and China.
The findings were printed in the journal Science Advances.They point towards the 1.7 billion and 3.1 billion people who face dearth in the water supply.
However, they were not facing this dilemma throughout the year. Rather it was a certain time of the year when the water sources ran dry. Freshwater usage from 1996 to 2005 was calculated.
Among the needs this water was used to fulfill may be included: agricultural irrigation, municipal works and environmental projects.
From the four billion who face water scarcity at least 130 million live in the United States. This is a paradox that the greatest nation on earth has pockets of poverty stricken people who don’t even have access to potable water.
The states affected by water shortage include: California, Texas and Florida. The countries of the world that are hardest hit include: Nigeria, Pakistan and Bangladesh.
Water shortages have taken the world by storm. We thought oil was the main issue, but we should have known better.
Rather than oil or fossil fuels, it is water for drinking and domestic purposes that is the real problem that we are facing today. And it is a problem that touches the lives of everyone down to the last man, woman and child.
The demand for water has increased with the rise in population density. And climate change will only worsen this trend. Droughts are the biggest challenge so far since the twin hazards of desertification and deforestation lead to a scarcity of water.
Greater awareness and conservation efforts need to be taken and we must begin now otherwise it will be too late.
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At the World Economic Forum, the matter was discussed and a set of emergency measures were proposed to counter the problem. The issue will affect humanity globally and so we have to begin our conservation efforts right away.