Weight-bearing exercises have the added benefit of making your bones more solid in the process. That is why running is a better option than cycling for stronger bones.
A novel study gave greater points to running as a form of exercise than cycling. That is because running tends to have a salubrious effect on the bones. As a weight-bearing exercise nothing excels it.
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Cycling does not have that great of a pounding effect on the bones of the legs, so it is not as beneficial for bone strength and growth.
The problem with cycling is that when you do it as an endurance exercise, it tends to deplete the minerals from the bones. The calcium from the bones is released into the blood leading to weaker shin, thigh and hip bones.
This can prove problematic. When ultra-marathon runners were tested though, they didn’t show such bone resorption. The research revolved around two bone constituents as well as a number of hormones that were connected with energy management in the human body.
Osteocalcin and P1NP are two proteins that help form the bones and their amounts in the bloodstream determine bone health.
Glucagon, insulin and leptin meanwhile are linked with metabolic processes and show the energy requirements of the body. By upping the glucagon levels, energy is surely required by the body.
As for skyrocketing insulin and leptin levels, they show that the energy intake is sufficient for the time being. Researchers measured the above-mentioned three hormones as well as osteocalcin and P1NP in a about a dozen and a half runners who had undergone the training process.
This was done prior to and after a 65 km mountain-scape ultramarathon. The results were compared to a dozen people of the same age who engaged in moderate exercise.
As opposed to the control group, the ultramarathon runners had higher levels of glucagon and lower levels of leptin and insulin in their bloodstream after the race.
Not only were insulin levels seen to dip but also osteocalcin and P1NP levels took a nosedive in these individuals. While the runners did have their bone calcium levels lowered during the course of the race, after it the levels were restored by a natural process.
It was in the long term where the runners benefited more than the cyclists. While an average man or women needs to engage in moderate exercise, those who suffer from weak bones ought to take up running for a stronger skeletal system that could bear the weight of these individuals.
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The results of this study are presented today at the European Congress of Endocrinology.