The tattoo would be no ordinary one but one filled with the power of antioxidant nanoparticles.
A new research is proposing temporary tattoos can be used to battle chronic diseases. Although the tattoo is still not developed as of yet it will be possible someday soon.
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The new tattoo is being proposed by scientists at Baylor College of Medicine. The said team of researchers tested antioxidant nanoparticles which were modified with polyethylene glycol, while at Rice University.
The results of the research have been published in Nature's online, open-access journal Scientific Reports.
The nanoparticles in question were shown to be taken up by cells in the immune system. Therefore the tattoo can be especially advantageous for people with autoimmune diseases like multiple sclerosis.
According to the scientist Christine Beeton, also the lead author of the study, the tattoo made with carbon-based particles could be placed just under the skin. The dark spot of the tattoo may fade in duration of one week as the nanoparticles slowly dissolve into the blood stream.
Autoimmune diseases are usually caused when the immune system fails to recognize between foreign and local cells. The immune system cells T and B lymphocytes attack both the invading and healthy tissues of the body.
The nanoparticles used in the research were internalized by T cells, thereby stopping the harmful function of the immune cells. Basically the nanoparticles may allow doctors to selectively stop the action of one or another type of cells to control the mechanism of autoimmune diseases.
Currently autoimmune treatments have broad-spectrum immunosuppressant functions i.e. they inhibit the role of all types of immune cells.
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Therefore these treatments also lead to severe side effects like increased infections and even cancer development. The nanoparticle treatment can selectively stop only those cells which are harming the body’s cells and thereby keep the immune system active.