Scientists Measure Antimatter With A Laser For The First Time

Posted: Dec 20 2016, 2:46am CST | by , Updated: Dec 20 2016, 4:05am CST, in News | Latest Science News

 

Scientists Measure Optical Spectrum of Antimatter for First Time
Measuring the antihydrogen spectrum with high-precision offers an extraordinary new tool to test whether matter behaves differently from antimatter and thus to further test the robustness of the Standard Model. Image Credit: Maximilien Brice/CERN
  • Scientists report the first ever measurement on the light spectrum of an antimatter atom.
 

Antimatter has supposedly been gauged for the very first time by physicists.

The first measurement of the light spectrum of an antimatter atom has been made by scientists. Thus a new period in antimatter research has begun.

This research is the outcome of over two decades of work by the CERN antimatter community. Via the use of a laser, a change in antihydrogen occurred and was successfully noted down by scientists. This was seen vis-à-vis hydrogen to gauge whether they obeyed the same rules of physics. 

Atoms have electrons flying around a nucleus. When these electrons change orbits, they emit or absorb light accordingly. This takes place according to specific wavelengths.

The atomic spectrum is thus formed this way. Each element on the periodic table has a unique spectrum that it alone possesses. This spectroscopy is an everyday tool used in the fields of physics, astronomy and chemistry.

Atoms, molecules and their internal states are thus finalized. In astronomy for example, by analyzing the spectrum of stars, their composition could be better known.

Hydrogen is the simplest of elements on the periodic table. It has one proton and one electron. Antihydrogen atoms are a different story though.  

Since the universe is matter, we have difficulty categorizing something like antihydrogen which does not fit our physical models. Antihydrogen atoms consist of antiprotons and positrons.

They need assembly before the antihydrogen spectrum could be gauged. While this is a backbreaking process to complete, it is worth it in the end. It is all for the sake of science.

The matter-antimatter anomaly would be better understood thanks to this research. This allows us to observe the light spectrum of matter and antimatter in comparison to each other for the first time. 

There is actually little if any difference between the two. It is the precision of measurement that allows for the minutesimal difference to be noted down by the scientists.

This is a wonderful tool that the scientists have in their hands. It could prove to be handy in the future. This experiment was a unique and singular one which took place at the CERN facility.

By trapping antihydrogen particles, they could be gauged. Antihydrogen creation is a complex process that requires the amalgamation of plasmas.

The present results come courtesy of the work done by some of the most distinguished scientists and the usage of the most sophisticated facilities of science and technology. They published their results in a paper in the journal Nature.

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<a href="/latest_stories/all/all/20" rel="author">Sumayah Aamir</a>
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